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解读润滑油消耗
发布者:admin 发布时间:2015-05-29 浏览量:admin
解读润滑油消耗
 
Interpretation of oil consumption
核心提示:发动机润滑油具有冷却、润滑、清洁、密封4大功能,其对于保证发动机正常的工作起到至关重要的作用。随着发动机工作时间的增加,发动机机油由于高温氧化、机械零件的磨损物、燃油蒸汽腐蚀等因素的影响而受到污染。另外,发动机机油在正常使用中还要有一定的消耗量。
Core Tip: engine oil has a cooling, lubrication, cleaning, sealing four major functions, their normal work to ensure that the engine play a crucial role. With the increase of engine operation time, the engine oil due to high temperature oxidation, abrasion of mechanical parts, fuel vapor corrosion and other factors contamination. In addition, the engine oil during normal use but also a certain consumption.
发动机润滑油具有冷却、润滑、清洁、密封4大功能,其对于保证发动机正常的工作起到至关重要的作用。随着发动机工作时间的增加,发动机机油由于高温氧化、机械零件的磨损物、燃油蒸汽腐蚀等因素的影响而受到污染。另外,发动机机油在正常使用中还要有一定的消耗量。
Engine oil has a cooling, lubrication, cleaning, sealing four major functions, their normal work to ensure that the engine play a crucial role. With the increase of engine operation time, the engine oil due to high temperature oxidation, abrasion of mechanical parts, fuel vapor corrosion and other factors contamination. In addition, the engine oil during normal use but also a certain consumption.
所以我们要定期检查机油的液位和其受污染的程度,这也是我们要定期更换机油的原因。
So we have to regularly check the oil level and extent of contamination, which is the reason we have to regularly oil change.
    如果机油低于规定值并影响到了发动机的工作,那么将对发动机造成致命的伤害。下面我们具体讨论机油消耗的原因以及如何避免其造成的可怕后果。正常的情况下机油也会消耗,从根本意义上讲绝对不消耗机油的发动机是不存在的。其原因如下:
If the oil is lower than a predetermined value and affect the operation of the engine, so the engine will cause fatal injuries. Here's the reason we specifically discussed oil consumption and how to avoid the terrible its consequences. Under normal circumstances, the oil will be consumed, from the fundamental sense, absolutely not consume engine oil does not exist. The reason is as follows:
    1、机油用于润滑活塞、活塞环和气缸,当活塞下行移动时,将在气缸壁上留下一层油膜。车辆减速时,产生的高负压将一些这样的机油吸入燃烧室,这种机油和部分留在气缸壁上的油膜一样,在燃烧过程中被高温的燃烧气体燃烧。
1, the oil used to lubricate the piston, piston rings and cylinder when the piston downward movement, will leave a layer of film on the cylinder wall. When the vehicle is decelerating, the negative pressure generated by the high number of such oil into the combustion chamber, and a portion of this oil film to remain in the cylinder wall, as in the combustion process is the combustion temperature of the combustion gases.
    2、机油也用于润滑进气门杆,被吸入燃烧室。高温的废气同样会燃烧用于润滑排气门的机油。
2, the oil is also used to lubricate the intake valve stem, the combustion chamber is sucked. High-temperature exhaust gas will also burn the oil used to lubricate the exhaust valve.

   
以下是影响机油消耗量的因素:
The following are the factors that affect oil consumption:
    1、机油的黏度:机油的黏度越低,其密封效果越差,被吸入燃烧室的量就越多。
1, the oil viscosity: the lower the viscosity of the oil, the sealing effect worse, the more sucked into the combustion chamber volume.
    2
、车辆的驾驶状况:高速行驶以及频繁的加速和减速,将增加机油的消耗。
2, the driving condition of the vehicle: high speed and frequent acceleration and deceleration, the increase in oil consumption.
    3、高速行驶过程中,稀释的成分将蒸发,因此高速行驶后会发现机油过度消耗。
3, high-speed driving, diluted composition will evaporate, so after high-speed driving will find that over-consumption of oil.
    4、由于新发动机没有经过磨合,因此将消耗更多的机油。丰田公司给出的磨合期机油的最大消耗量为:最大1.0L/1000km
4, the new engine has not been running, and therefore will consume more oil. Toyota's biggest consumption given the run of oil: maximum 1.0L / 1000km.
   
最后我建议大家最长每1000公里检查一次机油液位,如果条件允许最好在每次加油时进行检查。
Finally, I suggest that you check up once every 1,000 km oil level, if conditions allow is preferably carried out at each refueling checks.

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