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润滑油(机油)超耗原因及预防方法
发布者: 发布时间:2015-06-12 浏览量:
润滑油(机油)超耗原因及预防方法
Oil (oil) over consumption causes and prevention methods
 
核心提示: 无论摩托车或汽车发动机使用机油润滑,都会有那么一个现象,机油使用一段时间后,多少会有些损耗,有的甚至出现超耗,须大量补加机油。机油使用过程中有少量耗损是正常的,如果耗损量大,则要停车查找原因了,否则会造成发动机过热无力,功率下降,润滑不正常甚至机件磨损等故障。
 
Core Tip: Whether to use a motorcycle or car engine oil lubrication, there will be a phenomenon that, after a period of use of oil, how much will be some loss, some even over consumption, require substantial additional oil. Use a small amount of oil consumption is normal, if a large amount of wear and tear, will have to stop to find a reason, otherwise it will cause the engine to overheat, weakness, power down, lubrication is not normal wear or mechanical failure.
 
无论摩托车或汽车发动机使用机油润滑,都会有那么一个现象,机油使用一段时间后,多少会有些损耗,有的甚至出现超耗,须大量补加机油。机油使用过程中有少量耗损是正常的,如果耗损量大,则要停车查找原因了,否则会造成发动机过热无力,功率下降,润滑不正常甚至机件磨损等故障。
Whether the use of motorcycle or car engine oil lubrication, there will be a phenomenon that, after a period of use of oil, how much will be some loss, some even over consumption, require substantial additional oil. Use a small amount of oil consumption is normal, if a large amount of wear and tear, will have to stop to find a reason, otherwise it will cause the engine to overheat, weakness, power down, lubrication is not normal wear or mechanical failure.
  产生机油过量耗损,其主要原因是活塞和气缸之间间隙过大,或活塞环严重损伤,弹力不足,活塞环端隙、侧隙、背隙过大,使机油窜入燃烧室,或油底壳漏油,曲轴后半部密封不良,渗油漏油,除此之外,在使用中操作不良和用油不当,也会造成机油过量耗损,如:
 Produce excessive oil consumption, mainly due to the clearance between the piston and the cylinder is too large, or piston ring serious injury, lack of resilience, piston ring end clearance, backlash, backlash is too large, so that oil fleeing into the combustion chamber, or the oil pan shell oil spills, after half bad seal crankshaft, oil leakage oil spills, in addition, the use of poor operation and improper oil will cause excessive oil consumption, such as:  
1、发动机转速过高;
           2
、机油加得过量,超过上限,油面过高;
           3
、使用机油选用不当,夏季选用冬季用油。
 1, the engine speed is too high;
            2, excess oil increases, exceeding the upper limit, the oil level is too high;
            3, improper use oil selection, selection of summer and winter oil.
      
为避免机油超耗,除选用合格的气缸、活塞、活塞环和定期检查外,还需做到:
In order to avoid over consumption of oil, in addition to the selection of qualified cylinders, pistons, piston rings and periodic inspections, the need to do:
    1
、加油量按规定加足,不能过多或过少;
1, the amount of fuel required to add a little, not too much or too little;
    2
、夏季使用单级油,冬季使用多级油;
2, summer use single-grade oil, winter multi-grade oil;
    3
、行驶时防止发动机长时间高速工作;
3, to prevent the engine when driving at high speed for a long time;

     4
、注意检查发动机各结合面是否有渗漏机油现象,如果发现漏油应立即排除。
 
           4, pay attention to check the engine for leaks each combination of surface oil phenomenon, if found to leak should be repaired immediately.

 

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